Nepal is a land of scenic beauty with unrivaled attractions. The sovereign and ever independent country situated in the southern slopes of the glorious mountains having frontiers with both Tibet, an autonomous region of the peopleï¿½s Republic of China in the north and India in the South, East and West has an area of 1,47,181 sq. km.
For centuries, Nepal was divided into many principalities (Chaubise States). Kirantas ruled in the east, the Newars in the Kathmandu Valley, while Gurungs and Magars had their domain in the mid-west. The Kirantas were said to have ruled their territories from 300 B.C. During their reign, Emperor Ashoka arrived from India to build a pillar at Lumbini in memory of Lord Buddha.
There is perhaps no country in the world except Nepal where traditional architecture, painting and sculpture have been well preserved for 1500 years. The exquisite medieval art and architecture of the Kathmandu Valley vividly reflects the artistic ingenuity and the religious tradition of the people. To better understand the deep and complex roots of Nepalese culture, it is necessary to visit the monuments and religious shrines.
Nepal is a Himalayan country, which lies in South Asia between Tibet, an autonomous region of the People's Republic of China to the North, and India to the South. This country is rectangular in shape and 885 km in length from east to west and its breadth varies from 145 km to 241 km north to south.