Nepal is a land of scenic beauty with unrivaled attractions. The sovereign and ever independent country situated in the southern slopes of the glorious mountains having frontiers with both Tibet, an autonomous region of the peopleï¿½s Republic of China in the north and India in the South, East and West has an area of 1,47,181 sq. km. The land extends up to 880 km east to west and 145 km to 241 km north to south. The country due to its geographical variation is divided into three main geographical regions. All three parallel each other, from east to west, as continuous ecological belts, occasionally bisected by the country's river systems.
This region makes up the northern border of Nepal comprising about 15% of the total land area. Its altitude ranges between 4,877 m. to 8,848 m. and the width north-south varies 25-50 km. The region encompasses eight of the 14 highest summits of the world crossing over an altitude of 8000 m including Everest, Annapurna, and Dhaulagiri and so on. Vegetation becomes sparser with altitude and almost ends at 4,500m. Some of Nepal's most beautiful flora and fauna are found in this region.
This region accounts for about 68% of the total land area. The region lies between the Himalayan and Terai regions and the altitude ranges from 500 to 3000 m about sea level. It is the most habitable region of Nepal with temperate climate with summer temperature reaches an average of 32 degree Celsius. Winter is cold; temperature sometimes reaches minus 01 degree Celsius. This region has become an ideal home for many exotic animals, including spotted leopard, barking deer, Himalayan black bear, over 400 species of birds and as many varieties of butterflies.
The low-land that occupies about 17% of the total land area of the country. Its altitude ranges from 70 to 200 m with subtropical climate. It extends from the Nepal-India border in the south to the base of Siwalik Hills (Churia) in the north. It provides ideal flatland for farming and many industries. The density of population is very high in this region. In the sub-tropical forest areas of Terai region we find plenty of flora and fauna, which include the Royal Bengal Tiger, one horned rhino and the gharial crocodile.